Why regular full body check-up is important in old age

With the drastically deteriorating environmental conditions, giving rise to a host of health problems – preventive and awareness measures become the critical need of the hour. Today, people are conscious about their health and hence, one must take steps to ensure hearty health. Apart from steps such as physical exercise, healthy diet, quitting smoking, etc. it is also necessary that health conditions are monitored timely through regular health check-ups, especially for people in the old age – regular full body checkups become very important to monitor the health of the body, know the possibility of onset medical conditions, take precautionary measures, and get adequate medical treatment.

More specifically for everyone who has crossed the age bar of 50, regular monitoring of health is no more a choice, it is indeed a need because of several reasons such as:

Weakening organs, muscles and tissues: It is a well-known fact, that with age the essential organs of the body such as heart, liver, kidneys, lungs, breathing muscles, digestive muscles, bowel, eyes, ears, etc. tend to weaken because of wear and tear over the years. Moreover, the cells of testes, ovaries, liver and kidneys decrease drastically with increasing age, making it harder to function for these organs. Most internal functions also decline with age. Weakened organs and tissues are more prone to damage, injury or malfunction; and hence, critical screening of the body to assess the functioning of the organs and tissues is very important. This also includes analyzing the functioning of the heart, liver and kidneys – which tend to be the most affected with age. Accurate assessment of the condition of the organs and tissues helps to take preventive measures, make adept lifestyle changes, as well as get medical treatment, if necessary.

Weakening bones: Bones – the essential foundation of the body is prone to depletion over the years. With increasing age, bones become less dense causing loss of bone density which ultimately causes bones to be more susceptible to breaking. Especially in older women, loss of bone density speeds up after menopause because of low estrogen production in the body. Moreover, ligaments that bind the joints together and tendons that bind the muscles to the bones – become more rigid and less elastic making joints difficult to mover because of being tight and stressed. With such rapidly depleting conditions of bones, ligaments, cartilage, and tendons in old age – regular monitoring becomes very necessary to maintain good bone health.

Deficiency of essential vitamins and minerals: As people tend to get older, the ability of the body to produce calcium and absorb calcium from food, as well as other essential vitamins and minerals including Vitamin A, Vitamin D – which helps in absorption of calcium – decreases. This affects the bones of the body – especially the thighbone, arm bones, and spine; vision; hair growth, etc. Regular body health check-ups help to maintain a healthy balance of vitamins and minerals in the body by alerting deficiencies if any or possible problem symptoms.

Vision problems: As people age, the eye lens stiffens – making it harder to focus on closer objects, the lens becomes denser – making it harder to see in low light, the reactions of the eye pupils slows down, the lens yellow- modifying the perception of colours, and the eyes tend to become dry due to lack of production of fluid. Regular body check-ups also assess the condition of eyes from time-to-time, to detect any possible symptoms of lens deterioration and other eye problems.

Issues with brain and nervous system: Regular health checkups are very helpful in detecting any problems with the brain and the nervous system of the body. With increasing age, the nerve cells in the brain decrease, chemical substances needed to send messages – deplete, as well as blood flow to the brain decreases, causing various brain and nervous system-related issues, which can easily be prevented provided they are timely diagnosed and effectively treated. 

Urinary tract problems: As you tend to age, it becomes very difficult to control urination because the amount of urine a bladder can hold reduces with time, the bladder contracts unpredictably and the muscles of the bladder weaken – causing urinary incontinence, the impact of which can be managed, if the problem is caught early on.

Reproductive organs: Changes in reproductive organs tend to cause a lot of problems with increasing age, especially for women after menopause. This also greatly increases the chances of cancer, tumours, infections, and several other critical problems, which can be easily managed provided regular body health is monitored to assess body organs timely.

Blood production: With increasing age, the amount of active bone marrow that produces blood cells reduces leading to lesser production of new, healthy cells. However, the production of cells is enough to last a lifetime unless conditions such as infections, bleeding, anaemia, etc. occur causing excessive loss of blood. Hence, it is important to assess the body regularly to identify any symptoms of such problems early on.

Immune System: As the body ages, the cells that destroy the bacteria and foreign substances harming the body, tend to become weak over time and hence, do not fight that effectively at an older age. This makes the body more prone to infections, injuries and slow recovery. As a result, older people are more likely to have cancers, pneumonia, influenza, allergies, etc.

In all, it is a widely known phenomenon that with age health and senses tend to decline and this often is an unavoidable process; however, the intensity of the damage and severity of the weakening can be controlled provided the problems are diagnosed early on. Hence, regular health checkups for the elderly become really important and critical.