Face surgery is a sub-specialty of cosmetic surgery that involves improving a person’s appearance through invasive or non-invasive surgical procedures. Face surgery is aimed to boost self-esteem and confidence in people by enhancing their facial features. It can be performed on any part of the face such as the lips, cheeks, chin, eyebrow, forehead, eyelid, nose, ear, mouth and neck. It also involves procedures such as Botox, lip augmentation, chemical peeling, cosmetic dentistry, facial wrinkle treatment, laser hair removal, laser resurfacing, facial fillers, facial contouring, facial rejuvenation, and face-lift, as well as blemish, scar and tattoo removal.
Face surgery permanently alters or changes the appearance and hence, it must be studied well before deciding on it.
History of Face Surgery
Face surgery – a form of cosmetic surgery was in the earlier periods, used during wars to undo the damage caused to one’s body and particularly the face. It was to help soldiers regain quality of life, and slowly this concept evolved to include other people who were unhappy with their facial features or overall appearance. Over the years, this stream has witnessed various innovations and novel surgical methods, and as of today, it is one of the most sought-after medical services. Today, facial surgery can deliver desired results with minimal or no surgical marks and barely any side effects. The process is safer and a lot easier now than the earlier days, though it is a disciplined approach and needs faith, consideration, patience, and also involves enduring pain.
While a face surgery might sound attractive, the pros and cons of it should be studied well. Moreover, there should be clarity and set levels for expectations and also one must prepare for any complications or undesired results.
Types of Face Surgery
There are different kinds of face surgeries depending on the part of the face that one needs to get re-done.
Blepharoplasty: Or more commonly called the eyelid surgery, is focussed to reshape one’s eyebrows which could be dropping, hooding, bagging, etc.
Rhinoplasty: Or more popularly called the nose job is aimed to reshape one’s nose to enhance its appearance and breathing. It is performed on individuals aged 15 years or above.
Otoplasty: Or ear surgery involves redoing disfigured or misshaped ears through surgical methods involving suturing the ear close to the head, reshaping the ear cartilage, or both.
Rhytidectomy: Also known as facelift involves surgical removal of wrinkles and tightening of facial skin to enhance facial beauty.
Browplasty: Or a brow lift, as well as forehead lifts aim to raise the drooping eyebrows and removing all forehead wrinkles and lines.
Chin Augmentation: This involves restricting the chin bones or using prosthetic implants to make cheekbones more prominent.
Botox: A surgery that aims to improve the appearance and treat wrinkles, as well as facial creases.
Further, few minimally-invasive treatments include chemical peels, fillers, grafting, and laser procedures.
Good Candidates for Face Surgery
Facial surgery brings permanent changes in the physical appearance and hence, must be opted for after careful consideration of factors including present health conditions, expectations, etc.
Some of the following points should be considered to know if you are a good candidate for face surgery:
- Should have realistic expectations from the surgery
- Should have stable weight for at least 6 months or more.
- Should avoid smoking and tobacco products for at least 6 weeks before and after surgery.
- Should have all chronic medical conditions under control
- Should have complete knowledge about the procedure, process, risks, recovery, etc.
- Should be clear and must discuss goals and expectations from the surgery with the doctor
- Should be clear about and prepared for lifestyle changes, if any.
Risks of Face Surgery
Like other surgeries, even face surgeries can have certain complications. Though rare, it is always advisable to know all risks before-in-hand. Some of the common risks and complications of face surgery include:
- Problem with anaesthesia
- Infection at the site of incision
- Scarring or skin breakdown
- Build-up of fluid under the skin
- Mild bleeding
- Nerve damage
That said, people with a history of cardiovascular diseases, lung disease, diabetes, obesity, or any other medically chronic problem, are at higher risk of developing complications such as pneumonia, blood clots, etc. during or after a face surgery.
Preparation for Face Surgery
As mentioned, face surgery is a decision that must be taken after considerable thought and needs one to be mentally prepared. Some of the questions you must ask yourself and your surgeon before deciding on this are:
- Motive of the surgery
- Change of specific attribute
- Realistic expectations
- Lifestyle changes
- Right time for surgery
- Concerns and questions
- Qualifications of the doctor
- Risks of surgery
- Procedure and process
- Healing time and precautions
- Discomfort, pain, and medications
- Activity restrictions
- Cost of the procedure
- Benefits of the surgery
Expectations for Face Surgery
The most critical thing about face surgeries is to have clear and defined expectations, while at the same time make room for risks. One must have clarity on the need for the surgery, the desired outcome and the risks involved, and accordingly, prepare themselves. Expectations must be also be set in accordance with what will happen before, during and after the surgery. Patients should know what will change, how it will change, how much time, cost, etc. One must clearly discuss all aspects with the surgeon.
Results of Face Surgery
Recovery time of each surgery is dependent on the case; hence one must have realistic expectations about the recovery. Moreover, even after proper preparation, one can be alarmed by the bruising and swelling post the face surgery, thought the key is to remain patient and allow it time to settle down. Face surgery only aims to improve, and perfection is one’s expectation. Thus, balance is critically required.
Post the surgery, one might experience low spirits or even disappointment, though eventually, results will show bringing normalcy. Even then, it is important to remember:
- Bruising and swelling are not permanent and will fade
- Each case has a different recovery time; a minimum of 6-12 weeks
- Some cases might need follow-up surgeries to deliver the desired outcome
That said today face surgeries have become very common with reduced risks due to increasing advancements in technology, procedures, and skills.