Symptoms and Treatment of Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine that involves the diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the eye. An ophthalmologist is a doctor that specializes in eye and vision care. Eye problems are one of the most common health disorders, varying by the degree of intensity. Some people experience minor eye problems with fewer symptoms and effects, while on the other hand, there are cases where eye disorders are major and cause a lot of problems. Most people experience eye disorders at one point in time and thus, one must know which disorders do not need medical help and which ones demand proper medical attention.

Some of the common eye problems are:

  • Eyestrain
  • Red eyes
  • Night Blindness
  • Lazy eye
  • Cross eye and jiggling eye
  • Colour blindness
  • Inflammation in the uvea
  • Loss of eye ability (Presbyopia)
  • Floating spots or specks (Floaters)
  • Dry Eyes
  • Excessive and uncontrolled tearing
  • Cataracts
  • Glaucoma
  • Retinal disorders
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Corneal disease
  • Eyelid issues
  • Vision defaults
  • Contact lenses problems
  • Keratoconus
  • Ocular hypertension

These eye problems are very varied, some of them are permanent while others are temporary and have the power to heal on their own. While all disorders have their own symptoms, which make it easier for the person to detect a problem; however, there are a few eye disorders that do not have early symptoms and often cause a lot of problems. These may be painless and cause no problem in vision, but they could be at a very advanced stage still and have the potential to cause permanent damage.

That said, it is important to be aware of the common symptoms that indicate an eye problem:

  • Severe and sudden pain in the eyes
  • Consistent pain around the eye area
  • Hazy or blurred vision
  • Double vision
  • Flashes of light or floating spots
  • Seeing formations around lights and bulbs
  • Witnessing spider webs floating aimlessly
  • Experiencing blank vision from an eye
  • Swollen eyes
  • Red eyes
  • Sensitivity to light or touch
  • Changes in colour of the iris
  • White formations in the eye pupil
  • Heavy discharge from eyes
  • Burning sensation and itching in the eyes
  • Vision fluctuations

Other symptoms that can also indicate possible eye disorders are:

  • Difficulty in moving around on bumpy surfaces
  • Problem in going up or down the stairs
  • Hesitant walking
  • Thumping into walls while walking
  • Lack of sight of the path
  • Missing objects from vision
  • Problems in reading, driving, etc.
  • Squinting and titling
  • Difficult in understanding and recognizing images and people
  • Trouble in identifying colours
  • Problems while eating
  • Lack of aim while playing or eating
  • Holding the reading item very close for clarity
  • Trouble writing straight or reading consistently

These and even more changes in everyday activities can indicate a possible eye disorder. The symptoms are very subjective, and while many people may experience most of these symptoms, there will be cases that experience fewer symptoms but have troubling eye disorders. However, factors such as age, health problems such as diabetes, surrounding environment, nature of work, besides others also play a great role in eye disorders and related issues. That said, most eye disorders are treatable if detected on time. The doctor will recommend a different treatment course depending on the eye disorder, symptoms, age, health status of the patient. 

Some of the eye treatments include:

  • Anti-VEGF medications
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Dietary supplements
  • Antiglare sunglasses
  • Magnifying lenses
  • New, improved eyeglasses
  • Eye drops
  • Pills
  • Laser surgery
  • Photocoagulation (laser treatment for retinopathy)
  • Vitrectomy (surgical removal of the vitreous gel from the eye)
  • Artificial tears
  • Gels and ointments
  • Over-the-counter and prescription medications
  • Devices
  • Cool compresses
  • Flushing eyes with saline water
  • Cryopexy (a freeze treatment)
  • Corrective glasses
  • Contact lenses
  • Lens implantation
  • Lubrication
  • Eye patching
  • Steroid treatment

For cases that are beyond treatment from these methods listed above, surgery is the last option. These are also several cases, where surgery might be the best choice. Hence, proper evaluation and medical care is needed to know the right course of treatment, Moreover, it is also important to make some changes in lifestyle to ensure healthy eyes and minimum eye disorders. These changes include – practicing yoga, doing more natural blinking, washing eyes in intervals, eating healthy food, doing eye muscle and visual cleaning exercises, and taking more frequent breaks from screens including laptops and phones.

Eyes are a very critical part of our bodies and lives. It is vital that they are properly taken care of to ensure you lead a happy, healthy and colourful life. In addition, staying alert for problematic symptoms and knowing when to approach medical help goes a long way in protecting the eyes from serious complications.